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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is an incurable condition affecting millions of people worldwide

COPD: clinical features and diagnosis

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is an incurable condition affecting millions of people worldwide

By Hasanin Khachi, DipClinPharm, MRPharmS, Neil Barnes, FRCP, and Sotiris Antoniou, MSc, MRPharmS

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease



Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a term used to describe a group of airways diseases that are not fully reversible. COPD accounts for a large amount of morbidity and mortality and is expected to become the third leading cause of death worldwide by 2030.

The symptoms of COPD include breathlessness, chronic cough and regular sputum production. Diagnosis should take these symptoms into account, in addition to exposure to risk factors such as cigarette smoke. The severity of COPD can be assessed using spirometry. Mortality may be better predicted using other measures.

The full text article is available as a PDF (930K) file.

Hasanin Khachi is highly specialist respiratory pharmacist, Neil Barnes is consultant respiratory physician and Sotiris Antoniou is principal pharmacist for cardiac and respiratory medicine, all at Barts and The London NHS Trust.

Email: [email protected] 

Citation: Clinical Pharmacist URI: 11049454

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